28th October 2021
1.43 Clamping down on promoters of tax avoidance
HMRC have been piling pressure on both the users and promoters of avoidance schemes recently. They have set up specialist teams to tackle these, challenging them through the Courts, offering settlement opportunities to participants as an ‘out’ in exchange for paying the lost tax plus interest and introducing penalties for those who have promoted avoidance schemes.
The measures introduced here are:
- A power to seek a freezing order over assets of a promoter who has been charged with a relevant anti-avoidance penalty to stop them dissipating their assets to stop them paying the penalty
- An additional penalty which HMRC can apply to an entity which facilitates the promotion of tax avoidance by offshore promoters
- A new power to enable HMRC to present winding-up petitions to the court for companies or partnerships operating against the public interest
- New legislation allowing HMRC to name promoters and detail their methods and schemes, at the earliest possible opportunity to warn the public of the risks and to help those already involved to leave avoidance arrangements
These measures strengthen HMRC’s position in tackling avoidance and show the direction of travel towards their aim of stamping it out completely.
1.44 Discovery Assessments
HMRC’s ‘discovery’ powers allow HMRC to make an assessment to recover tax when an insufficiency is discovered in prior tax years, subject to certain time limits. This is a powerful weapon in HMRC’s arsenal, and is commonly used in compliance cases
Recently, HMRC has faced challenges through the tax tribunal that the discovery powers cannot apply to each of the Higher Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC), Gift Aid (where the donor has paid insufficient tax to cover the tax being reclaimed) and certain pension charges.
In order to address this, the new measure introduced clarifies the original legislation at section 29 of the Taxes Management Act 1970 and confirms that it does apply to HICBC, Gift Aid and pension charges, whilst also confirming that individuals chargeable to these income tax charges need to notify HMRC.
1.47 Power to make temporary modifications of taxation of employment income
This measure is stated to enable the government to support taxpayers in the event of “a disaster or emergency of national significance as determined by HM Treasury”. It is explained covid-19 highlighted the limited scope and difficulties in making changes to the current benefits in kind and expenses tax system to be able to respond quickly to the pandemic. The examples which were given were:
- Exempting specific benefits in kind from income tax where appropriate
- Changing the qualifying conditions for exemptions on benefits in kind
- Exempting specified reimbursements from the charge to income tax
- Providing relief for specified expenses
Whilst the policy paper is not specific in the scenarios which may necessitate such a modification, we expect this would be in situations such as medical benefits or reimbursements for home office equipment during COVID-19.